Who is God?

Introduction:
No man has ever seen God in His spiritual being (John 1:18). He is a Spirit and cannot be seen by man (1 Timothy 6:16).  God is invisible who dwells in glory. The Bible does not try to prove the existence of God but assumes the existence of a personal God. The questions about the existence of God come from our sinful pride and rebellion. The Bible says that the creation of this universe is the expression of God’s power and existence (Psalms 19:1). And all good and perfect gifts come from God (James 1:17). Man, always wanted to know God and in search of Him. But it is impossible for us to know God with his own finite ability and can never comprehend Him fully. Our knowledge of God in this life can only be imperfect and partial (1 Corinthians 13:12).  We can never know God unless revealed. The Bible is the only book that reveals the true God. The Bible explains the nature and attributes of God. The Bible begins with acknowledging the existence of God, “In the beginning God created” (Genesis 1:1). One should accept this truth by faith in order to know God. The heavens declare the glory of God (Psalms 19:1). In creation, we can see God’s wisdom, power and providence.  God is the first cause behind all creation. Thus, God has disclosed his everlasting power and divine nature in His creation. God is not an abstract principle but a real person.  

The Deity of Christ:
How do we know that Christ is God? The uniqueness of the personality of Christ is based on His divine nature. His deity is confirmed by His perfect life, unique ministry, His resurrection from the dead and the testimony of the Bible (Romans 1:4).  Jesus is the only one who claimed to be God (John 4:25, 26). Jesus said that He is one with the Father (John 10:30). He accepted the worship of Mary.  Apostle Thomas confessed that Jesus God “My Lord and my God” (John 12;7; 20:28, 29). His virgin birth was supernatural. He was sinless (Matthew 1:23; 1 Peter 2:22). His miracles were undeniable proof of His deity (John 20:30, 31). His resurrection from the dead is the unmistakable sign of his deity (Romans 1:4).  The apostolic preaching was about His resurrection (Acts 2:32). The Church is built upon the truth of Christ’s deity (Matthew 16:16-18). 

Religions: The existence of various religions shows that man is always in search of God.  It shows that men believe in the existence of God. But man’s search for God is like a mouse searching for the cat. Unless God reveals Himself, we will never know Him.

The Universe:  One of the basic principles of science is that for every effect there is a cause. Without a cause nothing comes into existence. God is that cause, the cosmic glue that holds the universe together (Hebrews1:3). A person who closely watches the origin, order and unbelievable manner in which the whole universe exists, cannot but believe that there is a wise creator behind it. God is the person who controls this universe in such an extraordinary way.

The morality of man: Man is not just a body; he is a being that consists of a body, soul and spirit. We are fearfully and wonderfully made in the image of God (Psalm 139:14). We posses a natural desire to know God. Our consciences witness to a law within us.  Where there is a law there must be a lawgiver (Romans 2:14, 15). If man is created with a personality, it points out to a creator who has a personality (Genesis 1:26,27).

The witness of Jesus Christ:  Christ is the visible image of the invisible God (Colossians 1:15-17). He is the Word that was made flesh (John 1:14). Those who have seen Jesus have seen the Father (John 14:9).  His miracles bore witness of His deity (John 20:30, 31).

The witness of the Bible:  The Bible is the revelation of the invisible God (2 Timothy 3:16). The Bible is the verifiable and time-tested truth about God.  The amazing growth of the church and its preservation prove the power and faithfulness of God. Another proof of the existence of God is the testimony of transformed life of sinner (Acts 4:20). These testimonies are undeniable (Acts 9).


The Character of God:

  1. God is a Person:  He is not a principle and an impersonal force (Exodus 33:11)
  2. God is a Spirit:  He is invisible. Jesus Christ is the visible form of the invisible God (John 1:14-18).
  3. God is One:  Bible clearly teaches that there is only one God (I Timothy 2:5).
  4. God is Triune: Bible clearly teaches that God is one in essence but there are three distinct personalities in one God. These three persons are equal in power and in their divine qualities. This is a mystery and beyond human understanding. The Bible clearly shows the triune character of God in Christ’s baptism (Matthew 3:16, 17); in the Great Commission (Matthew 28:19); and in the benediction (2 Corinthians 13:14). We find these three persons of Godhead, in God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. Father is God (1Cor 8:6), Jesus Christ is God (Hebrews 1:8; John 1:14). The Holy Spirit is God( Acts 5:3, 4)


The Attributes of God:
What is God like? The attributes of God are the certain characteristics God has chosen to reveal Himself to us. The natural attributes of God are the characteristics only God possess. They are incommunicable attributes.

Natural Attributes:

  1. God is Self Existent: He has life in Himself and existed in the beginning (John 5:26)
  2. God is Infinite: God is with out bounds or limits (1 King 8:27)
  3. God is Self-sufficient: God needs nothing from any source (Acts 17:24,25)
  4. God is Sovereign: God does all things after His own council and has control over all things (Romans 9:15)
  5. God is Immutable: God never changes in His eternal character and purpose (James 1:17)
  6. God is omnipotent: God is all powerful and nothing is impossible for Him (Matthew 19:26).
  7. God is omnipresent: God is not limited as to space and time. He is everywhere (Acts 17:28).
  8. God is omniscient: God has unlimited knowledge and nothing is hidden from Him (Hebrews 4:13).
  9. God is eternal: God has no beginning or end. He is the ever living God ( Exodus 3:14; Revelation 7:2).


The Communicable or Moral Attributes of God:
These are God’s moral attributes which are shared with believers.

  1. God is Holy: God has no blemish in Him. He cannot overlook sin. He punishes sin but loves sinners. God wants the believers to share in His holiness (Hebrews 12:10; 1 Peter 1:15, 16)
  2. God is Love: This is the sacrificial and self-giving love that seeks the highest good for others. The extent of God’s love we see in the death of His Son on the cross. (John 3:16; Romans 8:32).
  3. God is Righteous – All that God does is right and just. His justice demands penalty for sin and His love provides the payment. Thus, He becomes the just and the justifier of him who believes in Christ. He is not unjust to overlook the work and love shown in His name (Romans 3:26; Hebrews  6:10).
  4. God is Good:  He is in every way perfect and full of benevolence. His goodness should lead men to repentance. There is no limit to the blessing (Romans 2:4; Ephesians 1:3).
  5. God is Merciful: This is God’s unfailing love and pity towards the offenders or needy. God is rich in His mercy. The sacrificial death of Christ is the evidence of God’s great love and His mercy (Ephesians 2:4)
  6. God is Faithful – God is faithful in His promises. What He has said will be fulfilled. God is totally faithful in all things and there is no falsehood in Him (2 Timothy 2:13; Hebrews 10:23).

What is the Bible?

Introduction:
The Bible is the Word of God.  It is a collection of sacred writings.  It is the account of God’s dealing with the human race.  The Bible unfolds of truth.  It is the objective truth, meaning it stands alone in its facts.  Throughout the Bible, God makes himself known to us.  To know God we must study the Bible.  The Bible answers man’s basic questions. From beginning to the end the Bible has one great theme, the person and the work of the Lord Jesus Christ. It reveals that Jesus Christ is the Savior of the World. In the Old Testament Jesus is predicted, in the Gospels Jesus is revealed, in the book of Acts Jesus is preached, in the Epistles Jesus is explained and in Revelation Jesus is anticipated.

The Bible:
“Bible” comes from the Greek word “Biblio” which means “Book'”.  Bible is also known as the ‘Divine Library’ because it is composed of sixty-six books. It is mainly divided into two, the Old Testament (OT) and the New Testament (NT).

Old Testament:
The First thirty-nine books of the Bible are known as the Old Testament. The Old Testament is made up of the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the book of Psalms (Luke 24:44). It covers the books from Genesis to Malachi. The Old Testament is mainly describes the work and dealings of God with the people of Israel. The redemption of Israel is the general theme of the Old Testament. It has five main divisions. The law, History, Poetry and Wisdom Books and Prophecy The major theme of OT is the about the Messiah (Jesus Christ) who is yet to come. The person of Christ is pictured through out the Old Testament. In Genesis 3:15 we see the first  prophecy about the coming of Christ.  This prophecy was made four thousand years before the birth of Jesus Christ.  The first five books of the Bible is known as “pentateuch” and were written by Moses.

New Testament:
The last twenty-seven books in the Bible is known as the New Testament. It tells the wonderful story of Jesus Christ, His manifestation, His rejection, His crucifixion, His resurrection and His ascension. Christ is the fulfillment of the OT prophecies. The four Gospels portray the various aspects of the person and works of Christ. The book of Acts is the Early church history. The Epistles are letters that explain the New Testament doctrines. The book of the Revelation of Jesus Christ unfolds the bringing of history into consummation.

The Authorship of the Bible:
The message and the words of the Bible did not originate in human mind but men inspired by God.  Men  wrote down the message at different times and in different places as they were inspired of God. So Bible is ‘God inspired’ or ‘God breathed’ Word of God (2 Peter 1:21, 22; 2 Timothy 3:16, 17). It is the product of the creative breath of Almighty God. It was written by over 40 different men over a period of 1500 years as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. Though these writers did not obviously consult each other the Bible still has a profound unity and there is no contradiction in it. In one sense God Himself is the author of the Bible. The Bible is the Word of God and it is incorrect to say that the Bible has the Word of God.

Date of writing:
The books of the Bible were written between BC 1500 and AD 100 . Moses the prophet wrote the first books of the Bible and John the Apostle wrote the last book . The Bible is complete and no one should add anything to it or remove any thing from it. The root languages of the Bible are: Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek.

The Message of the Bible:
The Bible is the revelation of God. It is the source of Truth. Only through the Bible we can gain the knowledge of truth (1 Timothy 2:4). Jesus is the truth. Truth is the fact about the reality of God. Jesus Said “You shall know the truth and the truth shall set you free”(John 8:32). It reveals the heart of God. In nutshell John 3:16 is the message of the Bible. ”For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life”. The Bible reveals the plan of salvation (2 Timothy 3:14). It gives understanding and wisdom. Knowledge is the accumulation of facts. We can get information from internet and understanding from teachers. But Wisdom only comes from God (James 1:5) The wisdom from God is different from the wisdom from the world. God’s wisdom enables us to use facts to live a life that pleases God. The Bible reveals the will of God (1 Thessalonians 5:16-18). The Bible is our sure foundation for faith and practice (2 Timothy 2:19). The Word of God is powerful to convict us of our sins and unbelief ( Hebrews 4:12). It teaches what is right, what is not right , how to get right and how to stay right. It makes us spiritually mature and equips us for every good work (2 Timothy 3:16, 17).

The influencing power of the Bible:
The world is changing yet the Bible and it’s message remains same.  The Bible is the time tested and verifiable truth. The Bible is trustworthy because of the testimony of Christ, the fulfillment of it’s prophecies, it’s preservation, it’s amazing unity, it’s historical accuracy, it’s absolute honesty, it’s amazing circulation, it’s universal influence and it’s life transforming power. So believe it, study it, honor it, obey it, preach it and be blessed by it (2 Tim 2:15; 4:2). Jesus said, “Come to Me, all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls” (Matthew 11:28, 29).